Muay Thai (Thai: มวยไทย, RTGS: muai thai, pronounced [mūa̯j tʰāj] (audio speaker iconlisten)), sometimes referred to as "Thai boxing," is a martial art and combat sport that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. This discipline is known as the "art of eight limbs," as it is characterised by the combined use of fists, elbows, knees, and shins. Muay Thai became widespread internationally in the late 20th to 21st century, when Westernised practitioners from Thailand began competing in kickboxing and mixed-rules matches as well as matches under Muay Thai rules around the world.
Hailed as the national sport and cultural martial art of Thailand, Muay Thai (aka Thai Boxing) dates back to the 13th century and was developed as a form of close-combat. It is a full-contact sport that requires fighters to defeat their opponents by utilising kicking, cinching and hitting techniques as well as an element of grappling, where striking your opponent requires strong physical and mental discipline. It is another martial art that uses the body as a weapon for fighting.