Karate (空手) (/kəˈrɑːti/; Japanese pronunciation: [kaɾate]; Okinawan pronunciation: [kaɽati]) is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It developed from the indigenous Ryukyuan martial arts (called te (手), "hand"; tii in Okinawan) under the influence of Chinese martial arts, particularly Fujian White Crane. Karate is now predominantly a striking art using punching, kicking, knee strikes, elbow strikes and open-hand techniques such as knife-hands, spear-hands and palm-heel strikes. Historically, and in some modern styles, grappling, throws, joint locks, restraints and vital-point strikes are also taught. A karate practitioner is called a karateka (空手家).
Arguably one of the most well-known out of all of the martial arts, it features some impressive movements of powerful punches, kicks and blocks. Karate originates from Japan in the early 20th century, where the Japanese word “karate” translates as “empty handed”. The practice of karate centres around self-defence and combat. However, the philosophy of karate extends beyond the studio, where one will embrace working on principles such as discipline and respect, replicating these in everyday life as well as in their martial arts practice.